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Halifax is the capital of Nova Scotia and counted 403,131 residents in the 2016 census. Metropolitan Halifax is a term used to describe the urban concentration surrounding Halifax Harbour, including the Halifax Peninsula, the core of Dartmouth, and the Bedford-Sackville areas. The Halifax Regional Municipality occupies an area of 5,577 square kilometers (2,153 square miles) which is approximately 10% of the total land area of Nova Scotia. Unlike other municipalities with a sizeable metropolitan area, the Halifax Regional Municipality’s suburbs have been completely incorporated into the “central” municipality. A recent amalgamation has brought the entirety of Halifax County into the municipality and has created a situation where a large “rural commutershed” area encompasses almost half the municipality’s landmass. The Halifax Regional Municipality is divided into eighteen community planning areas which are further divided into neighbourhoods or villages. Halifax is a major economic centre in Atlantic Canada with a large concentration of government services and private sector companies. Major employers and economic generators include the Department of National Defence, Dalhousie University, Saint Mary’s University, the Halifax Shipyard, various levels of government, and the Port of Halifax. Agriculture, fishing, mining, forestry and natural gas extraction are major resource industries found in the rural areas of the municipality.